Eczema is a dermatological condition that can appear during childhood (newborn babies may experience it within the first few weeks of life), adolescence, or adulthood, even if they never suffered from skin diseases. It is estimated that more than 31 million Americans have some form of eczema, whether on their face, neck and arms.
It is a chronic dermatological disease, characterized by rough skin areas (called eczema), which causes inflammation, dryness, itching, rashes, scaly patches, blisters and infections on the skin. Usually, this disease manifests as a generalized or atopic allergic reaction, so it is common in patients with asthma and allergic rhinitis.
The causes are still unknown, but there is a clear genetic predisposition of this disease in generalized allergic scenarios; skin barrier or immune system alterations are also considered to influence, and eczema episodes have been shown to be precipitated by factors such as dust mites, pollen, epithelium or animal hair. Children who are breastfed up to four months of age have a lower risk of developing atopic dermatitis.
Some food allergies or intolerances can cause eczema outbreaks, especially irritating foods consumption. Other factors that precipitate the episodes are: sweating, temperature changes, emotional stress, fatigue, use of scented products, some detergents or cleaning products, woolen clothes or acrylic fabrics.
Symptoms usually vary depending on age:
Eczema plaques may be ever-present, or come and go in the face of triggers. In some cases, blisters with fluid appear that, when broken, cause the formation of scabs. Eczema is characterized by itching a lot and, by scratching, causes the skin to atrophy and become drier, thicker and change its color.
Eczema is not contagious, and while there is no cure, there are treatments to relieve itching and prevent new outbreaks.
If you are looking for a dermatologist in Mexico for this or other skin conditions treatment, at New City Med you will find it. Browse our website or contact us for more information, we will gladly assist you.