Cardiology is a medical field that detects, tests, and treats patients with cardiac and blood vessel conditions and abnormalities (the cardiovascular system).
The cardiovascular system's essential operation involves how the heart, which is called coronary circulation, absorbs the oxygen and nutrients in the blood. Heart disease directly refers to the heart, while cardiovascular disease affects the heart, blood vessels or both.
A cardiologist educates patients on their symptoms, carrying out scans and surgical operations, and recommending medication for chronic illnesses.
A cardiologist will review the medical records of a patient, and conduct a physical test. Our specialties will check the person's weight, pulse, lungs, blood pressure, and blood vessels, and perform some tests.
This specialty is focused on increasing survival rates and quality of life after cardiac attacks, cardiac loss or heart rhythm disorders; however, cardiologists are still concerned with identifying disease mechanisms and prevention of diseases.
If a person has signs of a cardiac disease, he or she may be referred to a cardiologist by their doctor. Symptoms that may suggest a problem with the heart include:
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pressure (pain)
- High blood pressure
- Pain in the neck, jaw, throat, upper abdomen or back
If a heart attack is diagnosed early on, it will be better to handle then talk to your doctor about a cardiac health issues. That is particularly relevant if you have a heart attack family history.
You can help reduce heart disease forms avoiding several bad habits, such as smoking, work stress, high weight, high blood pressure, and cholesterol by making lifestyle improvements.