Dermatology is the medical specialty that manages diseases related to skin, hair, body hair, and nails for a better skin´s appearance, as well as the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment.
The skin is a good indicator of overall health, and it is the main line of resistance against microorganisms than cause disease and damage. Moreover, it is the biggest organ of the body.
A dermatologist can treat lots of conditions, some of those are:
Acne: skin disease happens when dead skin cells and oil from the skin stop up hair follicles.
Dermatitis: skin is itchy, red, scaly, or raw. Examples of this condition are atopic dermatitis (eczema), dandruff, and contact dermatitis.
Skin cancer: due to the skin exposed to the sun. The most common areas are melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma.
Fungal infections: is a skin disease caused by a fungus. Occasionally occur to the skin, nails, and hair.
Hair loss: is because usually a physically or psychologically stressful reason.
Nail problems: conditions that damage the skin and under the nails; and can cause a long-term disease, such as eczema and psoriasis
Warts: are caused by viruses in the human papillomavirus (HPV) family and is contagious.
Vitiligo: skin disease characterizes the autoimmune destruction of the cells that give skin its color, due to the melanin loss.
Psoriasis: a chronic skin disease that causes the skin to be thick, red, purple, or silvery and scaly.
Rosacea: a chronic skin disorder that affects nose, cheeks, chest, forehead, ears, chin, and back, among others. Causing redness, pimples, swelling of the eyelids.
Latex allergy: skin disease caused by-product made from rubber tree fluids. Symptoms like skin irritation, itching begin within minutes after exposure to latex-containing products.