A neurologist is a physician who specializes in the treatment of nervous system disorders. The nervous system is complex and consists of two parts: the central nervous system and the peripheral ones (sensory receptors, such as ears, eyes, and skin). It contains the spinal cord and the cortex. These parts coordinate and regulate body activities.
A neurologist is a specialist doctor with advanced experience in diagnosing, treating, and controlling brain and nervous system diseases, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, concussion, stroke, migraine and others.
Neurologists diagnose and treat brain disorders or nervous system problems. Common reasons to visit a neurologist are:
- Muscle weakness
- Chronic pain
- Sleep problems
- A change in sensation
- Confusion or memory problems
- Vision problems
Neurologists may treat illnesses that target the nervous system, such as infection (bacterial, fungal, and viral) and cancer (malignant, benign).
For example, a patient with symptoms like depression or stroke, a neurologist may identify and treat a neurological disorder, and then advise the primary care provider to handle the patient’s general health.
Diagnosis requires a comprehensive history of the condition and neurological evaluation of vision, mobility, balance, mental state, reflexes, and sensation.
If a neurological disorder needs intervention, neurologists collaborate with neurosurgeons to monitor patients and coordinate their clinical recovery.
Doctors are expected to conduct a physical exam and a neurological exam at your first visit. The neurological review will assess muscle strength, reflexes, and balance.