General surgery is a surgical specialty trained in the diagnosis and preoperative, operative, and postoperative management of patient care. The specialist requires knowledge embracing anatomy, immunology, nutrition, metabolism, intensive care, shock and resuscitation, neoplasia, pathology, wound healing, and physiology.
The specialty emphasis on abdominal contents incorporates stomach, liver, large and small intestines, pancreas, esophagus, bile ducts, appendix, gallbladder. In the same way, treat trauma, breast, skin, soft tissue, peripheral artery disease, and hernias and carry out endoscopic procedures such as colonoscopy and gastroscopy.
Some of the surgeons may sub-specialize into one or more of the following disciplines:
- Trauma surgery/ Surgical Critical Care: related to patients with acute, life-endangering, or life-threatening medical conditions. The primary complications that the specialist face includes vomiting, infections, intestinal blockages, and organ perforation.
- Breast surgery: particularly concerning breast cancer assessment, diagnosis, and treatment.
- Pediatric surgery: related to diagnosis, treatment, and management of childhood operating needs, including childhood and adolescent groin abnormalities, testing, hernias, hydrocellular, and varicoceles. Congenital disabilities in surgical repair.
- Surgical oncology: surgeons who focus on using surgery to diagnose, stage, and treat cancer.
- Vascular surgery: related to conditions of the arteries in your circulatory system, obstructing blood flow to any part of the body. Surgeons are capable of treating minor vascular disorders.
Surgeons demonstrate a wide range of knowledge and experience in conditions affecting:
- Alimentary tract
- Endocrine system
- Head and neck
- Abdomen and its contents
- Breast, skin and soft tissue
- Surgical critical care
- Surgical Oncology
Are there any precautions I can take to reduce the possibility of surgical complications?
Ensure that you and your relatives are taught how to conduct your required wound treatment and try to increase muscle mass. You should avoid a malnourished condition. And contact your doctor if you have symptoms that may suggest complications.
How long will I be safe from infection following surgery? And how long do wounds take to heal after surgery?
You will be safe from infections usually 2-3 weeks after the operation. On the other hand, the healing will depend on the type of surgery you have had, and the general health depends on your cure. The treatments can take 6 to 8 weeks for long or profound operations.