Infectious disease is a medical specialty that aims to diagnose, investigate, and treat infections caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoans, parasites, and worms. The most significant infectious agents are the skin and mucous membranes. The organisms are usually harmless or even helpful. Even though, under specific conditions, they could cause disease.
As a result, the patient is then recommended the medication that is suitable to treat the viral, bacterial, parasitical, or contagious disease.
Working in infectious diseases consolidates both the clinical and lab aptitudes of making diagnoses with delivering effective treatment to a broad scope of infections.
Symptoms range from mild to severe, differing on the organism causing the infection. General signs common in infectious disease are fever, fatigue, coughing, muscle pain, and diarrhea. Mild symptoms can be prevented by getting vaccinated, not sharing personal items, washing your hands frequently, home remedies, and resting at home. Meanwhile, severe cases may require hospitalization.
There are easy ways to catch infectious disease; some of them can be spread through direct contact:
– Contact with a person: when a person with the infection touches, kisses, or sniffles on somebody who isn’t infected
– Mother to expected child: A pregnant lady may pass germs to her expected child through the placenta or breast milk
– Animal to a person: a person becomes infected when following direct contact with urine, being bitten or scratched by an infected animal
Another infectious disease can be spread through indirect contact:
– Contaminated objects: when an infected person touches any object, you might be exposed to infection
– Food and water contamination: the bacteria ¨E. coli¨ is present in some undercooked food or an unpasteurized fruit juice
When should I see an infectious disease specialist?
It is recommendable to visit our specialists if you have severe headaches with fever; you have been coughing for more than a week and have trouble breathing.
Who is in danger of getting infectious diseases?
– People with HIV or AIDS
– People are going through cancer treatment
– People with a medical condition (a dietary deficiency, older person)
– People are taking medications that affect the immune system